Planet Names and Planet Information

Planet Names: Are you searching for  Planet names of our Galaxy? Want to gain brief knowledge about all planets? Here are all of your questions will be answered and you will get a brief knowledge.

Planet Names and Planet Information

Planet Names and Planet Information

What is a Planet?

A planet is a heavenly body that moves in an orbit around a Star, such as sun. In other words, we can say that some heavenly bodies that don’t have their own heat and light. Such bodies are called Planets.

The word Planet comes from the Greek word “Planetai” which means ‘Wonders‘.

There are 8 planets in our Solar System. All the eight planets move around  the Sun in a fixed path. The Sun is situated in the center. The sun provides light and heat to all the eight planets and to their satellite.

Planet Names in Order from Sun

Serial NumberPlanet NameSatellite NamePhoto of Planet
1MercuryNo Satellite
2VenusNo SatelliteVenus
3Earth1 Satellite (Moon)Earth
4Mars2 Satellites (Phobos and Deimos)Mars
5Jupiter16 SatellitesJupiter
6Saturn39 SatellitesSaturn
7Uranus21 Satellites Uranus
8Neptune14 SatellitesNeptune

Planet Information

Mercury

 

  • It is the innermost and smallest planet in the solar system.
  • Mercury is the nearest planet to the Sun.
  • Rotation Period 58.65 days.
  • Revolution Period 88 days (Fastest in Solar System)
  • It has no satellite.
  • Has the highest diurnal range of temperature.
  • Has the shortest year.
  • Its days are scorching hot and nights are fridged.

Venus

  • Also known as the Earth’s twin, Morning Star, Evening Star.
  • Brightest heavenly body after Sun and Moon because of 70% albedo.
  • Venus is the Closest Planet to Earth.
  • Hottest Planet in our Solar system because of 97% CO2.
  • Slightly smaller than Earth. (500 km less in diameter).
  • Rotates clockwise (backward) unlike others East to West.
  • It has no satellite.
  • Slowest rotation period in our Solar system (257 davs)
  • Almost equal rotation and revolution (224.7 days).

Transit of Venus

A transit of Venus occurs when Venus passes directly between the Sun and Earth. This alignment is rare, coming in pairs that are eight years apart but separated by over a century.

The last thrilling sight was in 2004 and this is 2nd transit which is last of 21st Century. The next transit will be in the year 2117. One of the most spectacular celestial phenomenon transit of Venus is being observed over a large stretch of Asia including India, Philippines, Australia, North America.

Earth

  • Earth is the third planet to the Sun.
  • Earth is one of the only planets that contain life.
  • The Revolution Period of the earth is 365 days, 5 hours 48 minutes 46 seconds.
  • Period of rotation is 23 hours 56 minutes, 4 seconds.
  • It has only one satellite i.e moon.
  • It is only a suitable place for living.

Mars

  • Mars is the fourth nearest planet to the Sun.
  • Mars is called Red Planet because it appears as a reddish ball when looked through a telescope.
  • Revolution Period 687 days.
  • Rotation Period 24.6 hrs (almost equal to Earth)
  • It has two satellites, Phobos and Deimos.
  • It has signs of water.
  • There is the possibility of life.
  • It has a thin atmosphere comprising Nitrogen and Argon.
  • Beneath its atmosphere, Mars is barren, covered with red oxide mixed soil and boulder. Because of this, it is known as ‘Red Planet‘.
  • Various space missions have been sent e.g. Pathfinder, Mars Odyssey.

Jupiter

  • It is the largest of all planets in the solar system and almost 11 times on Earth.
  • It is also called Lord of the Heavens.
  • A great red spot (a cyclone) is detected on its surface.
  • Revolution Period of Jupiter is about 12 years.
  • It has 67 satellites (prominent are Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto)
  • Europa resembles the living condition like that of Earth. Ganymede is the largest satellite of our Solar system.
  • Its atmosphere contains hydrogen, helium, methane, and ammonia. It contains two and a half times the mass of all the other planets combined.

Saturn

  • Second largest planet (in size) after Jupiter.
  • Least density of all (30 times less dense than Earth).
  • Revolution Period 29 years.
  • Rotation Period: 10.3 hours.
  • More than 62 satellites (prominent is titan). It has the largest number of natural satellites or Moons.
  • It has a system of the ring (3 well defined).


Also Read: The Solar System and the Sun

Uranus

  • It was discovered first time by William Herschel in 1781
  • Rotates from North to South as it is inclined at an off 98° to its orbit.
  • Revolution Period 84 days.
  • Rotation Period: 70.8 years.
  • It has 21 satellites. (Miranda, Ariel, etc.)
  • Like Saturn, it is also surrounded by a system of 9 faint rings. They are called Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Theta, and Epsilon.
  • It is one of the coldest planets because of having an average temperature of -223ºC.
  • There are various gases present in its atmosphere, therefore it is also known as Green Planets.

Neptune

  • Discovered by JG Galle of Berlin in 1846.
  • Appears as ‘Greenish Star’ because of the presence of ‘Methane‘.
  • Its atmosphere appears blue, with quickly changing white ice methane clouds often suspended high above an apparent surface.
  • Revolution Period: 165 years.
  • Revolution Period: 165 years.
  • Prominent satellite are ‘Trion and Neroid’.
  • Uranus and Neptune are called Jovian twins.

Why Pluto is Considered as Dwarf Planet?

The Pluto was discovered in 1930 by  Clyde Tombaugh. It was considered as the 9th and smallest Planet in the Solar System.

Since 2006 the IAU (International Astronomical Union) removed it from the list of Planet. Because of Pluto orbit beyond the orbit of Neptune. It is much smaller than any of the official Planets and now classified as a Dwarf Planet.

It is the second-largest Dwarf Planet in the Solar System.

Planets Name in Decreasing Order of size

  1. Jupiter
  2. Saturn
  3. Uranus
  4. Neptune
  5. Earth
  6. Venus
  7. Mars
  8. Mercury

Terrestrial Planet/ Inner Planet Name

  1. Mercury
  2. Venus
  3. Earth
  4. Mars

Jovian Planets/ Outer Planets/ Gaseous Planet Names

  1. Jupiter
  2. Saturn
  3. Uranus
  4. Neptune


Must Read: The Universe and Big Bang Theory

Comet

  • The Comet is a member of the Sun’s family, part of the Solar system.
  • Comet travels in an elliptical orbit around. the Sun regular schedule.
  • It has a head and a tail. Its tail originates once it gets closer to the Sun.
  • May have originated from a huge cloud the ‘Oort cloud’ that is thought to surround the Solar system.
  • The brightest part of the comet is head (coma).
  • It is made up of solid matter combined with gases.

Asteroids

  • Asteroids or minor planets circle in a broad belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
  • It is the debris leftover from the formation of inner planets. Also called ‘Planetoids’ or small planets.
  • They are chunks of rock covered in frozen gases.

Meteoroids

Meteoroids are small bodies that travel through space. Meteoroids are smaller than Asteroids, most are than the size of a pebble. Meteoroids have many sources. Most meteoroids come from asteroids that are broken apart by impacts with other asteroids. Other meteoroids come from the Moon, from comets, and from the planet Mars.

Meteors

Meteoroids are small bodies that travel through space. Meteoroids are smaller than Asteroids, most are than the size of a pebble. Meteoroids have many sources. Most meteoroids come from asteroids that are broken apart by impacts with other asteroids. Other meteoroids come from the Moon, from comets, and from the planet Mars. smaller Meteors A meteor is a meteoroid that has entered the Earth’s atmosphere, usually making a fiery trail as it falls. It is sometimes called a shooting Star or a falling Star. The friction between the fast-moving meteor and the gas in the Earth’s atmosphere causes intense heat, the meteor glows with heat and then burns. A meteor shower is a phenomenon in which many atmospheres in a relatively short time and in approximately parallel trajectories. A very intense meteor shower is called a meteor storm.

Meteorites

A Meteorite is a Meteor that has fallen to Earth. These rare objects have survived an atmosphere and have lost a lot of mass Meteorites are made up of rock and/or metals.

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