What is Indian Penal Codes (IPC) ?

Indian Penal Codes

Indian Penal Codes: IPC stands for “Indian Penal Code”. The code which is used to punish criminals inside India by Indian courts is called the Indian Penal Code. We shortly call it as IPC.

Indian penal code (IPC)

There are 511 sections in the Indian penal code, which is subdivided into 23 chapters. Now the question arises, who is the father or founder of Indian Penal Code? Your question’s answer is that Babington Macaulay is the father of the Indian Penal Code.

The Indian penal code was drafted in the year 1860, which was recommended by the law commission of India. From that day we are using IPC.

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As we mentioned earlier, there are 23 chapters in the Indian Penal Code. Now we have to see which chapter indicates which type of crime.

Indian Penal Code (IPC) Chapters

IPC ChapterContentNumber of Section
Chapter-IIntroduction to IPC00-05
Chapter-IIGeneral Explanation06-52
Chapter-IVGeneral Exception76-106
Chapter- V(A) Criminal Conspiracy120(A)- 120 (B)
Chapter-VIOffense Against the State120-130
Chapter- VIIAn offense relating to the Army, Navy, and Air Force130-140
Chapter-VIIIOffense against the Public Tranquillity140-160
Chapter-IXOffense by or Relating to Public Servants161-171
Chapter-IX (A) An offense relating to Electors171(A) – 171(I)
Chapter-XContempt of the Lawful Authority of Public servant172-190
Chapter-XIFlsevidence and Offenses against Public Justice191-229(A)
Chapter-XIIAn offense relating to coin and Government Stamps230-263 (A)
Chapter- XIIIOffense Relating to Weight and Measures264-267
Chapter-XIVOffenses Affecting the Public Health, safety, convenience, Decency and Morals268-294
Chapter-XVAn offense relating to Religion295-298
Chapter-XVIOffense against the Human Body299-377
Chapter-XVIIOffense against Property of theft378-462
Chapter-XVIIIAn offense relating to Documents and to Property Marks463-489
Chapter-XIXThe Criminal Breach of contracts of service490-492
Chapter-XXOffenses Relating to Marriage493-498
Chapter-XX (A)Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband498A
Chapter-XXIICriminal Intimation, Insulted Anyone503-510
Chapter-XXIIIAttempts to Commit Offenses511


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Some Important IPC Rules

  • IPC 034: Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention
  • IPC 120: Concealing design to commit an offense punishable with imprisonment
  • IPC 201: Causing disappearance of evidence of the offense, or giving false information to screen
  • IPC 300: Murder
  • IPC 302: Punishment for Murder
  • IPC 307: Attempt to Murder
  • IPC 309: Attempt to commit suicide.
  • IPC 312: Causing miscarriage
  • IPC 360: Abduction
  • IPC 365: Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine a person
  • IPC 376: Punishment for rape.
  • IPC: 377: Unnatural offenses
  • IPC 378: Theft
  • IPC 395: Punishment for dacoity
  • IPC 396: Dacoity with murder Punishment
  • IPC 415: Cheating
  • IPC 499: Defamation.
  • IPC 511: 1. Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other

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