What is Indian Penal Codes (IPC) ?

Indian Penal Codes

Indian Penal Codes: IPC stands for “Indian Penal Code”. The code which is used to punish criminals inside India by Indian courts is called the Indian Penal Code. We shortly call it as IPC.

Indian penal code (IPC)

There are 511 sections in the Indian penal code, which is subdivided into 23 chapters. Now the question arises, who is the father or founder of Indian Penal Code? Your question’s answer is that Babington Macaulay is the father of the Indian Penal Code.

The Indian penal code was drafted in the year 1860, which was recommended by the law commission of India. From that day we are using IPC.

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As we mentioned earlier, there are 23 chapters in the Indian Penal Code. Now we have to see which chapter indicates which type of crime.

Indian Penal Code (IPC) Chapters

IPC Chapter Content Number of Section
Chapter-I Introduction to IPC 00-05
Chapter-II General Explanation 06-52
Chapter-III Punishment 53-75
Chapter-IV General Exception 76-106
Chapter-V Abetment 107-120
Chapter- V(A) Criminal Conspiracy 120(A)- 120 (B)
Chapter-VI Offense Against the State 120-130
Chapter- VII An offense relating to the Army, Navy, and Air Force 130-140
Chapter-VIII Offense against the Public Tranquillity 140-160
Chapter-IX Offense by or Relating to Public Servants 161-171
Chapter-IX (A) An offense relating to Electors 171(A) – 171(I)
Chapter-X Contempt of the Lawful Authority of Public servant 172-190
Chapter-XI Flsevidence and Offenses against Public Justice 191-229(A)
Chapter-XII An offense relating to coin and Government Stamps 230-263 (A)
Chapter- XIII Offense Relating to Weight and Measures 264-267
Chapter-XIV Offenses Affecting the Public Health, safety, convenience, Decency and Morals 268-294
Chapter-XV An offense relating to Religion 295-298
Chapter-XVI Offense against the Human Body 299-377
Chapter-XVII Offense against Property of theft 378-462
Chapter-XVIII An offense relating to Documents and to Property Marks 463-489
Chapter-XIX The Criminal Breach of contracts of service 490-492
Chapter-XX Offenses Relating to Marriage 493-498
Chapter-XX (A) Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband 498A
Chapter-XXI Defamation 499-502
Chapter-XXII Criminal Intimation, Insulted Anyone 503-510
Chapter-XXIII Attempts to Commit Offenses 511


Do you know what is Article 370?

Some Important IPC Rules

  • IPC 034: Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention
  • IPC 120: Concealing design to commit an offense punishable with imprisonment
  • IPC 201: Causing disappearance of evidence of the offense, or giving false information to screen
  • IPC 300: Murder
  • IPC 302: Punishment for Murder
  • IPC 307: Attempt to Murder
  • IPC 309: Attempt to commit suicide.
  • IPC 312: Causing miscarriage
  • IPC 360: Abduction
  • IPC 365: Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine a person
  • IPC 376: Punishment for rape.
  • IPC: 377: Unnatural offenses
  • IPC 378: Theft
  • IPC 395: Punishment for dacoity
  • IPC 396: Dacoity with murder Punishment
  • IPC 415: Cheating
  • IPC 499: Defamation.
  • IPC 511: 1. Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other

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